Where are my testicles? What do they do? What causes testicular cancer?

Information on the causes of testicular cancer and what your testicles do.

What are the signs and symptoms of testicular cancer?

Details the symptoms of testicular cancer, the warning signs you should look for, the process of diagnosis and the first things you need to know about treatment.

Treatments for testicular cancer

Information on the various treatment options you will be offered dependent on the type of testicular cancer you have and whether it is early or late stage. All that you need to know about consenting to treatment. Including the risks and possible side effects of cancer treatment.

Coping with a diagnosis of testicular cancer.

Can testicular cancer be prevented?

So far, testicular cancer has not been linked to many of the lifestyle factors we explain as related to other cancer types. However our recommendations encourage a healthy lifestyle which will help the body to function at its best:

  1. Eat lots of fruit and vegetables, pulses, seeds and nuts.
  2. Reduce the amount of red meat you eat, and load up with oily fish instead.
  3. Relax and have time to yourself. Enjoy it.
  4. Exercise and spend time outdoors as much as you can.
  5. Drink plenty of water.
  6. Avoid things that you know are bad for you. Alcohol and smoking are obvious examples!

Learn more about nutrition and exercise here.

Checking for testicular cancer

It is important to do a simple testicular self examination once a month. This is best done following a bath or hot shower, as the scrotum, which the testicles are in, will then be looser. Each testicle should be examined for pea-shaped lumps or hardening. Normally a testicle should be smooth. You can print out this self exam guide for easy reference.

Other symptoms which to be aware of include unusual sensitivity, reduction in sex drive, change in size of a testis, tiredness, a dull pain in the groin or lower abdomen or blood in semen. If you do find something unusual, or you’re experiencing one of the symptoms, go and see your doctor. And remember that they see and talk about testis all the time, it’s their job so they will be happy to address any concerns you have.